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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_______________________________________________________
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2023
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number: 001-40470
_______________________________________________________
GXO_rgb_DigitalUse (002).jpg
GXO Logistics, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware86-2098312
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
Two American Lane
Greenwich, Connecticut
06831
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(203) 489-1287
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
_______________________________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, par value $0.01 per shareGXONew York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No 

As of May 8, 2023, there were 181,072,412 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.





GXO Logistics, Inc.
Form 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2023
Table of Contents
Page

1



PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

GXO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
(Dollars in millions, shares in thousands, except per share amounts)20232022
Revenue$2,323 $2,083 
Direct operating expense1,906 1,748 
Selling, general and administrative expense258 190 
Depreciation and amortization expense83 76 
Transaction and integration costs13 19 
Restructuring costs and other21 13 
Operating income42 37 
Other income, net 16 
Interest expense, net(13)(4)
Income before income taxes29 49 
Income tax expense(3)(11)
Net income26 38 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(1)(1)
Net income attributable to GXO$25 $37 
Earnings per share data
Basic$0.21 $0.32 
Diluted$0.21 $0.32 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
Basic118,781 114,731 
Diluted119,231 115,569 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
2



GXO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Net income$26 $38 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
Foreign currency translation gain (loss), net of tax of $3 and $0
13 (45)
Unrealized loss on cash flow hedges, net of tax of $1 and $0
(3) 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax10 (45)
Comprehensive income (loss)36 (7)
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest1  
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to GXO$35 $(7)

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3



GXO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)

March 31,December 31,
(Dollars in millions, shares in thousands, except per share amounts)20232022
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$426 $495 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $11 and $12
1,605 1,647 
Other current assets280 286 
Total current assets2,311 2,428 
Long-term assets
Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,361 and $1,297
964 960 
Operating lease assets2,168 2,227 
Goodwill2,765 2,728 
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $477 and $456
555 570 
Other long-term assets327 306 
Total long-term assets6,779 6,791 
Total assets$9,090 $9,219 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$652 $717 
Accrued expenses908 995 
Current debt84 67 
Current operating lease liabilities568 560 
Other current liabilities209 193 
Total current liabilities2,421 2,532 
Long-term liabilities
Long-term debt1,697 1,739 
Long-term operating lease liabilities1,800 1,853 
Other long-term liabilities453 417 
Total long-term liabilities3,950 4,009 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)
Stockholders’ Equity
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share; 300,000 shares authorized, 118,889 and 118,728 issued and outstanding
1 1 
Preferred Stock, $0.01 par value per share; 10,000 shares authorized, none issued and outstanding
  
Additional paid-in capital2,580 2,575 
Retained earnings348 323 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(244)(254)
Total stockholders’ equity before noncontrolling interests2,685 2,645 
Noncontrolling interests34 33 
Total equity2,719 2,678 
Total liabilities and equity$9,090 $9,219 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
4



GXO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$26 $38 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Depreciation and amortization expense83 76 
Stock-based compensation expense9 6 
Deferred tax expense (benefit)
(7)3 
Other9 4 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
Accounts receivable57 (33)
Other assets11 (7)
Accounts payable(49)(39)
Accrued expenses and other liabilities(100)(2)
Net cash provided by operating activities39 46 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures(91)(65)
Proceeds from sales of property and equipment9 3 
Other 18 
Net cash used in investing activities(82)(44)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Repayments of debt, net(21) 
Repayments of finance lease obligations(8)(9)
Taxes paid related to stock-based compensation awards(4)(11)
Other4 2 
Net cash used in financing activities(29)(18)
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents3 (5)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents(69)(21)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period495 333 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$426 $312 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
5



GXO Logistics, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity
(Unaudited)

Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Equity Before
Noncontrolling
Interests
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Equity
(Shares in thousands,
dollars in millions)
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2022118,728 $1 $2,575 $323 $(254)$2,645 $33 $2,678 
Net income— — — 25 — 25 1 26 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 10 10 — 10 
Stock-based compensation— — 9 — — 9 — 9 
Vesting of stock-based compensation awards265 — — — — — — — 
Tax withholding on vesting of stock-based compensation awards(104)— (4)— — (4)— (4)
Balance as of March 31, 2023118,889 $1 $2,580 $348 $(244)$2,685 $34 $2,719 
    


(Shares in thousands,
dollars in millions)
Common StockAdditional
Paid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Equity Before
Noncontrolling
Interests
Noncontrolling
Interests
Total
Equity
SharesAmount
Balance as of December 31, 2021114,659 $1 $2,354 $126 $(130)$2,351 $39 $2,390 
Net income— — — 37 — 37 1 38 
Other comprehensive loss— — — — (44)(44)(1)(45)
Stock-based compensation— — 6 — — 6 — 6 
Vesting of stock-based compensation awards318 — — — — — — — 
Tax withholding on vesting of stock-based compensation awards(137)— (11)— — (11)— (11)
Deconsolidation of variable interest entity— — — — 2 2 (5)(3)
Balance as of March 31, 2022114,840 $1 $2,349 $163 $(172)$2,341 $34 $2,375 

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
6



GXO Logistics, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

1. Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of GXO Logistics, Inc. (“GXO” or the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.

Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2023, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2023. The Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of GXO and its majority-owned subsidiaries and variable interest entities of which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The Company has eliminated intercompany accounts and transactions.

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 (the “2022 Form 10-K”).

The Company presents its operations as one reportable segment.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting.” The ASU provides optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. The ASU applies only to contracts and hedging relationships that reference London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) or another reference rate expected to be discontinued due to reference rate reform. In 2021, the FASB expanded the scope of the guidance to include derivatives. In 2022, the FASB deferred the expiration date for Topic 848 from December 31, 2022, until December 31, 2024. On March 9, 2023, the Company entered into Amendment No. 1 to its revolving credit facility replacing LIBOR-based benchmark rates with SOFR-based benchmark rates and other conforming changes (the “Revolving Credit Facility”). The Company has transitioned its existing contracts to a replacement index. ASU 2020-04 and its amendments did not have a material impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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2. Revenue Recognition

Revenue disaggregated by geographical area was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
United Kingdom$844 $704 
United States714 681 
France202 176 
Netherlands196 170 
Spain127 120 
Italy88 82 
Other152 150 
Total $2,323 $2,083 

The Company’s revenue can also be disaggregated by various verticals, reflecting the customer’s principal industry. Revenue disaggregated by industry was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Omnichannel retail$968 $825 
Technology and consumer electronics366 305 
Food and beverage307 338 
Industrial and manufacturing272 263 
Consumer packaged goods253 213 
Other157 139 
Total $2,323 $2,083 

Contract Assets and Liabilities

Contract assets consist of two components, customer acquisition costs and costs to fulfill a contract. Contract assets are primarily amortized to Direct operating expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations over the contract term.

Contract liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to transfer services to a customer for which the Company has received consideration or the amount is due from the customer.

The contract asset and contract liability balances from contracts with customers were as follows:
(In millions)March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Contract assets included in:
Other current assets$13 $25 
Other long-term assets163 165 
Total contract assets$176 $190 
Contract liabilities included in:
Other current liabilities$169 $154 
Other long-term liabilities126 134 
Total contract liabilities$295 $288 

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Revenue included the following:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Amounts included in the beginning-of-year contract liability balance
$82 $63 

Remaining Performance Obligations

As of March 31, 2023, the fixed consideration component of the Company’s remaining performance obligation was approximately $3.3 billion, and the Company expects to recognize approximately 73% of that amount over the next three years and the remainder thereafter. The Company estimates remaining performance obligations at a point in time, and actual amounts may differ from these estimates due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and contract revisions or terminations.

3. Leases

The Company has operating leases primarily for real estate, warehouse equipment, trucks, trailers, containers and material handling equipment. In addition, the Company has finance leases for equipment.

The following amounts related to leases were recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(In millions)March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
Operating leases:
Operating lease assets$2,168 $2,227 
Current operating lease liabilities$568 $560 
Long-term operating lease liabilities1,800 1,853 
Total operating lease liabilities$2,368 $2,413 
Finance leases:
Property and equipment, net$125 $123 
Current debt$38 $35 
Long-term debt90 97 
Total finance lease liabilities$128 $132 

9



The components of lease expense recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Operating leases:
Operating lease cost$218 $169 
Short-term lease cost26 22 
Variable lease cost28 20 
Total operating lease cost (1)
$272 $211 
Finance leases:
Amortization of leases$7 $7 
Interest expense on lease liabilities1 1 
Total finance lease cost$8 $8 
Total operating and finance lease cost$280 $219 
(1) Operating lease cost is primarily included in Direct operating expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Supplemental cash flow information was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Leased assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities$73 $154 
Leased assets obtained in exchange for new finance lease liabilities3 1 

4. Debt and Financing Arrangements

The following table summarizes the carrying value of debt:
(In millions)
Rate (1)
March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
1.65% Unsecured notes due 2026 (2)
1.65%$397 $397 
2.65% Unsecured notes due 2031 (2)
2.65%397 397 
Two-Year Term Loan due 2024 (3)
6.02%115 115 
Three-Year Term Loan due 2025 (4)
6.02%234 234 
Five-Year Term Loan due 2027 (4)
6.14%499 499 
Finance leases and otherVarious139 164 
Total debt$1,781 $1,806 
Less: Current debt84 67 
Total Long-term debt$1,697 $1,739 
(1) Interest rate as of March 31, 2023.
(2) Net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $3 million as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022.
(3) As of March 31, 2023, $35 million is classified as current debt as it was repaid on April 7, 2023.
(4) Net of unamortized debt issuance costs of $1 million as of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

Factoring Programs

The Company sells certain of its trade accounts receivables on a non-recourse basis to third-party financial institutions under various factoring agreements. The Company accounts for these transactions as sales of receivables and presents cash proceeds as cash provided by operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

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Information related to the trade receivables sold was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Receivables sold in period$263 $229 
Cash consideration261 228 
Net cash provided in operating cash flows (1)
 6 
(1) The three months ended March 31, 2022 includes $124 million of cash provided by factoring programs, reduced by $118 million used in the securitization program that was terminated in the first quarter of 2022.

Covenants and Compliance

The covenants in the unsecured notes, term loans and revolving credit facilities, which are customary for financings of this type, limit the Company’s ability to incur indebtedness and grant liens, among other restrictions. In addition, the facilities require the Company to maintain a consolidated leverage ratio below a specified maximum.

As of March 31, 2023, the Company was in compliance with the covenants contained in its debt and financing arrangements.

5. Fair Value Measurements and Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The levels of inputs used to measure fair value are:

Level 1—Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets;
Level 2—Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs are observable in active markets; and
Level 3—Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable, generally utilizing pricing models or other valuation techniques that reflect management’s judgment and estimates.

Assets and liabilities

The Company bases its fair value estimates on market assumptions and available information. The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses and current maturities of long-term debt approximated their fair values as of March 31, 2023, and December 31, 2022, due to their short-term nature.

Debt

The fair value of debt was as follows:
March 31, 2023December 31, 2022
(In millions)LevelFair ValueCarrying ValueFair ValueCarrying Value
1.65% Unsecured notes due 2026
2$347 $397 $342 $397 
2.65% Unsecured notes due 2031
2312 397 294 397 
Two-Year Term Loan due 2024
2115 115 115 115 
Three-Year Term Loan due 2025
2235 234 234 234 
Five-Year Term Loan due 2027
2500 499 499 499 

Financial Instruments
The Company directly manages its exposure to risks arising from business operations and economic factors, including fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currencies. The Company uses derivative instruments to manage
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the volatility related to these exposures. The objective of these derivative instruments is to reduce fluctuations in earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. These financial instruments are not used for trading or other speculative purposes. The Company does not expect to incur any losses as a result of counterparty default.

The fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments and the related notional amounts were as follows:
March 31, 2023
Notional
Derivative Assets(1)
Derivative Liabilities(2)
Designated as hedges
Cross-currency swap agreements$1,337 $22 $27 
Interest rate swaps250 6  
Not designated as hedges
Foreign currency option contracts$241 $1 $5 
Foreign currency forward contracts44   
(1) Derivative assets are included in Other current assets and Other long-term assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2) Derivative liabilities are included in Other current liabilities and Other long-term liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

December 31, 2022
Notional
Derivative Assets(1)
Derivative Liabilities(2)
Designated as hedges
Cross-currency swap agreements$1,337 $22 $13 
Interest rate swaps250 9  
Not designated as hedges
Foreign currency option contracts$354 $ $5 
Foreign currency forward contracts3   
(1) Derivative assets are included in Other current assets and Other long-term assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2) Derivative liabilities are included in Other current liabilities and Other long-term liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

As of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the derivatives are classified as Level 2 within the fair value hierarchy.

The effect of hedges on AOCL and in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31, 2023
(In millions)Gain (Loss) Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income
Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into Net Income (1)
Gain (Loss) Recognized in Net Income on Derivatives
(Excluded from effectiveness testing) (1)
Derivatives designated as net investment hedges
Cross-currency swap agreements$(16)$(3)$1 
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges
Interest rate swaps$(3)$ $ 
(1) Amounts reclassified to net income are reported within Interest expense, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

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Three Months Ended March 31, 2022
(In millions)Gain (Loss) Recognized in Other Comprehensive Income
Gain (Loss) Reclassified from AOCL into Net Income (1)
Gain (Loss) Recognized in Net Income on Derivatives
(Excluded from effectiveness testing) (1)
Derivatives designated as net investment hedges
Cross-currency swap agreements$3 $ $2 
(1) Amounts reclassified to net income are reported within Interest expense, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Derivatives not designated as hedges

Gains and losses recognized in Other income, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for foreign currency options and forward contracts were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Realized gain (loss)$(2)$2 
Unrealized gain1 6 
Total gain (loss)$(1)$8 

6. Stockholders’ Equity

The following table summarizes the changes in AOCL by component:
(In millions)Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
Cash
Flow
Hedges
Defined
Benefit
Plan
Less: AOCL
attributable to
noncontrolling
interest
AOCL
attributable
to GXO
As of December 31, 2022$(149)$7 $(112)$ $(254)
Unrealized gain (loss), net of tax11 (3)  8 
Amounts reclassified from AOCL to net income2    2 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax13 (3)  10 
As of March 31, 2023$(136)$4 $(112)$ $(244)

(In millions)Foreign
Currency
Translation
Adjustments
Cash
Flow
Hedges
Defined
Benefit
Plan
Less: AOCL
attributable to
noncontrolling
interest
AOCL
attributable
to GXO
As of December 31, 2021$(53)$ $(76)$(1)$(130)
Unrealized gain (loss), net of tax(43)  1 (42)
Amounts reclassified from AOCL to net income(2)   (2)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax(45)  1 (44)
Deconsolidation of variable interest entity4  (2)2 
As of March 31, 2022$(94)$ $(76)$(2)$(172)

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7. Employee Benefit Plans

Defined Benefit Plans

The Company sponsors a retirement plan in the U.K. (the “U.K. Retirement Plan”). Components of the net periodic benefit cost recognized under the U.K. Retirement Plan were as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Interest cost$(10)$(6)
Expected return on plan assets 12 15 
Net periodic pension income (1)
$2 $9 
(1) Net periodic pension income is recorded within Other income, net in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

The Company also maintains defined benefit pension plans for some of its foreign subsidiaries that are excluded from the disclosure due to their immateriality.

Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has defined contribution retirement plans for its U.S. employees and employees of certain foreign subsidiaries. The Company’s contributions for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, were $17 million and $14 million, respectively, and were primarily included in Direct operating expenses in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

8. Restructuring Costs and Other

Restructuring costs are primarily related to severance, including projects to optimize finance, human resource and information technology functions, and are not associated with customer attrition.

For the three months ended March 31, 2023, restructuring costs and other totaled $21 million and included severance charges of $15 million and impairment charges of $6 million as a result of closing certain corporate and administrative offices. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, restructuring costs and other totaled $13 million and included severance charges of $5 million and $8 million related to the deconsolidation of a joint venture.

The following is a roll forward of the restructuring liability, which is included in Other current liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
(In millions)
Balance as of December 31, 2022$13 
Charges incurred15 
Payments(8)
Balance as of March 31, 2023$20 

The remaining restructuring liability at March 31, 2023 primarily relates to severance payments and is expected to be substantially paid within the next twelve months.

9. Income Taxes

The effective tax rate for the first quarter of 2023 was 11.0 percent, a decrease from 22.1 percent in the prior year. The change in our effective tax rate was primarily driven by discrete tax benefits from the release of valuation allowances as it is more likely than not that the deferred income tax assets will be realized.

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As of March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had valuation allowances of $39 million and $44 million on its deferred income tax asset, respectively.

10. Acquisition

On May 24, 2022, the Company completed the acquisition of Clipper Logistics plc (“Clipper”), an omnichannel retail logistics specialist based in Leeds, England (the “Clipper Acquisition”). The Company acquired Clipper for $1,106 million, consisting of $902 million in cash and the issuance of 3,757,657 shares of GXO common stock having a value of $204 million.

The Company accounted for the Clipper Acquisition as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting. The fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed was based on management’s estimate of the fair value using valuation techniques including income, cost and market approaches.

The following table summarizes the estimated fair value of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:
(In millions)
ASSETS
Current assets
Cash and cash equivalents$26 
Accounts receivable143 
Other current assets67 
Total current assets 236 
Long-term assets
Property and equipment80 
Operating lease assets219 
Intangible assets (1)
392 
Other long-term assets30 
Total long-term assets721 
Total assets$957 
LIABILITIES
Current liabilities
Accounts payable$81 
Accrued expenses97 
Current debt56 
Current operating lease liabilities43 
Other current liabilities50 
Total current liabilities
327 
Long-term liabilities
Long-term debt10 
Long-term operating lease liabilities175 
Other long-term liabilities161 
Total long-term liabilities346 
Total liabilities$673 
Net assets purchased$284 
Cash paid$902 
Common stock issued (2)
204 
Purchase price paid$1,106 
Goodwill recorded (3)
$822 
(1) The Company acquired $392 million of intangible assets comprised of customer relationships and trade names, with weighted-average useful lives of 15 years.
(2) Represents the fair value of the Company’s common stock issued.
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(3) Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date. Goodwill acquired was recorded in the United Kingdom and Ireland reporting unit and was primarily attributed to anticipated synergies. The Company does not expect the goodwill recognized as a part of the acquisition of Clipper to be deductible for income tax purposes.

The fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed are considered preliminary and subject to adjustment as additional information is obtained and reviewed. The final allocation of the purchase price may differ from the preliminary allocation based on completion of the valuation. The Company expects to finalize the purchase price allocation within the measurement period, which will not exceed one year from the acquisition date. The primary areas of the purchase price allocation that are not yet finalized relate to finalization of income taxes and goodwill.

11. Commitments and Contingencies

The Company is involved, and will continue to be involved, in numerous legal proceedings arising out of the conduct of its business. These proceedings may include personal injury claims arising from the transportation and handling of goods, contractual disputes and employment-related claims, including alleged violations of wage and hour laws.

The Company establishes accruals for specific legal proceedings when it is considered probable that a loss has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. The Company reviews and adjusts accruals for loss contingencies quarterly and as additional information becomes available. If a loss is not both probable and reasonably estimable, or if an exposure to loss exists in excess of the amount accrued, the Company assesses whether there is at least a reasonable possibility that a loss, or additional loss, may have been incurred. If there is a reasonable possibility that a loss, or additional loss, may have been incurred, the Company discloses the estimate of the possible loss or range of loss if it is material and an estimate can be made, or discloses that such an estimate cannot be made. The determination as to whether a loss can reasonably be considered to be possible or probable is based on management’s assessment, together with legal counsel, regarding the ultimate outcome of the matter.

Management of the Company believes that it has adequately accrued for the potential impact of loss contingencies that are probable and reasonably estimable. Management of the Company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of any matters to which the Company is presently a party will have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. However, the results of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, and an unfavorable resolution of one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. Legal costs incurred related to these matters are expensed as incurred.

The Company carries liability and excess umbrella insurance policies that are deemed sufficient to cover potential legal claims arising in the normal course of conducting its operations. In the event the Company is required to satisfy a legal claim outside the scope of the coverage provided by insurance, its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows could be negatively impacted.

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other written reports and oral statements we make from time to time contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical fact are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of forward-looking terms such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “intend,” “may,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “should,” “will,” “expect,” “objective,” “projection,” “forecast,” “goal,” “guidance,” “outlook,” “effort,” “target,” “trajectory” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terms. However, the absence of these words does not mean that the statements are not forward-looking. These forward-looking statements are based on certain assumptions and analyses made by the Company in light of its experience and its perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors it believes are appropriate in the circumstances. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions that may cause actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause or contribute to a material difference include those discussed below and the risks discussed in the Company’s other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). All forward-looking statements set forth in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are qualified by these cautionary statements, and there can be no assurance that the results or developments anticipated by the Company will be realized or, even if substantially realized, that they will have the expected consequence to or effects on the Company or its business or operations.

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022, as filed with the SEC on February 16, 2023 (the “2022 Form 10-K”), and the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto included elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

Business Overview

GXO Logistics, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, (“GXO,” the “Company” or “we”) is the largest pure-play contract logistics provider in the world and a foremost innovator in the industry. We provide our customers with high-value-add warehousing and distribution, order fulfillment, e-commerce, reverse logistics and other supply chain services differentiated by our ability to deliver technology-enabled, customized solutions at scale. Our customers rely on us to move their goods with high efficiency through their supply chains — from the moment inbound goods arrive at our warehouses, through fulfillment and distribution and the management of returned products. Our customer base includes many blue-chip leaders in sectors that demonstrate high growth and/or durable demand, with significant growth potential through customer outsourcing of logistics and warehousing services.

We strive to provide all of our customers with consistently high levels of service and cutting-edge automation. We also collaborate with our largest customers on planning and forecasting and assist with network optimization, working with these customers to design or redesign their supply chains to meet specific goals, such as environmental, social and governance. Our multidisciplinary, consultative approach has led to many of our key customer relationships extending for years and expanding in scope.

The most dramatic growth in secular demand in recent years has been in e-commerce and related sectors, including omnichannel retail and other direct-to-consumer channels. We expect to attract new customers and expand the services we provide to existing customers through new projects, thus earning more of their external and internal logistics spending. We use technology to manage advanced automation, labor productivity, sustainability, safety and the complex flow of goods within sophisticated warehouse environments.

17



Our business model is asset-light and historically resilient in cycles, with high returns, strong free cash flow and visibility into revenue and earnings. The vast majority of our contracts with customers are long-term in nature, and our facility lease arrangements generally align with contract length. The Company has both fixed-price contracts and cost-plus contracts. Most of our customer contracts contain both fixed and variable components. The fixed component is typically designed to cover facility, technology and equipment costs, while the variable component is determined based on expected volumes and associated labor costs. Under fixed-price contracts (closed book or hybrid contracts), the Company agrees to perform the specified work for a pre-determined price. To the extent the Company’s actual costs vary from the estimates upon which the price was negotiated, the Company will generate more or less profit. Cost-plus contracts, or open book contracts, provide for the payment of allowable costs incurred during the performance of the contract plus a specified margin.

On May 24, 2022, the Company completed the acquisition of Clipper Logistics plc (“Clipper”), an omnichannel retail logistics specialist based in Leeds, England (the “Clipper Acquisition”). Due to the Clipper Acquisition, comparisons in our results of operations between 2023 and 2022 are less meaningful.

Results of Operations
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022$ Change% Change
Revenue$2,323 $2,083 $240 12 %
Direct operating expense1,906 1,748 158 %
Selling, general and administrative expense258 190 68 36 %
Depreciation and amortization expense83 76 %
Transaction and integration costs13 19 (6)(32)%
Restructuring costs and other21 13 62 %
Operating income42 37 14 %
Other income, net— 16 (16)(100)%
Interest expense, net(13)(4)(9)n/m
Income before income taxes29 49 (20)(41)%
Income tax expense(3)(11)(73)%
Net income$26 $38 $(12)(32)%
n/m - not meaningful

Revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2023 increased by 12%, or $240 million, to $2.3 billion compared with $2.1 billion for the same period of 2022. The increase in 2023 compared to the prior period primarily reflects an increase of $224 million due to the Clipper Acquisition and growth in our business primarily driven by new contract implementations. Foreign currency movement decreased revenue by $100 million in 2023.

Direct operating expenses comprise both fixed and variable expenses and consist of operating costs related to our logistics facilities, including personnel costs, facility and equipment expenses, such as rent, utilities, equipment maintenance and repair, transportation costs, costs of materials and supplies and information technology expenses. Direct operating expense for the three months ended March 31, 2023 increased by 9%, or $158 million, to $1.9 billion compared with $1.7 billion for the same period in 2022. Direct operating expense increased primarily due to the Clipper Acquisition and growth in our business. As a percentage of revenue, direct operating expense for the three months ended March 31, 2023, was 82.0% compared with 83.9% for the same period in 2022.

Selling, general and administrative expense (“SG&A”) primarily consists of salary and benefits for executive and administrative functions, professional fees and legal costs. SG&A for the three months ended March 31, 2023 increased by 36%, or $68 million, to $258 million compared with $190 million for the same period in 2022. SG&A increased due to the Clipper Acquisition and higher personnel costs, primarily for certain administrative functions, reflecting the growth in our business.
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Depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2023 increased by $7 million to $83 million compared with $76 million for the same period in 2022. Amortization expense was $17 million and $14 million for the three months ended March 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense increased primarily due to the Clipper Acquisition.

Transaction and integration costs for the three months ended March 31, 2023 were $13 million compared with $19 million for the same period in 2022. Transaction and integration costs in the first quarter of 2023 and 2022 primarily relate to the Clipper Acquisition.

Restructuring costs are primarily related to severance, including projects to optimize finance, human resource and information technology functions, and are not associated with customer attrition. Restructuring costs and other for the three months ended March 31, 2023 were $21 million compared with $13 million for the same period in 2022. In the fourth quarter of 2022, the Company initiated a restructuring plan designed to centralize certain processes and standardize operating structures. For the three months ended March 31, 2023, restructuring costs and other included severance charges of $15 million and impairment charges of $6 million as a result of closing certain corporate and administrative offices. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, restructuring costs and other included severance charges of $5 million and $8 million related to the deconsolidation of a joint venture.

Other income decreased due to foreign currency movements and pension income. Other income, net was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022$ Change% Change
Net periodic pension income
$$$(7)(78)%
Foreign currency:
Realized foreign currency contracts gain (loss)
(2)(4)n/m
Unrealized foreign currency contracts gain
(5)(83)%
Foreign currency remeasurement loss
(1)(1)— — %
Total foreign currency gain (loss)$(2)$$(9)n/m
Other income, net$— $16 $(16)(100)%
n/m - not meaningful

Interest expense increased primarily due to debt incurred for the Clipper Acquisition. Interest expense, net was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022$ Change% Change
Debt and capital leases
$24 $$15 n/m
Cross-currency swaps
(8)(4)(4)100 %
Other
(3)(1)(2)n/m
Interest expense, net$13 $$n/m
n/m - not meaningful

Income before income taxes for the three months ended March 31, 2023 decreased to $29 million compared with $49 million for the same period in 2022. The decrease was primarily due to higher interest expense, lower pension income and a foreign currency loss, partially offset by higher operating income in 2023.

Income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2023 was $3 million compared with $11 million for the same period in 2022. Our effective tax rate was 11.0% for the three months ended March 31, 2023, compared with 22.1% for the same period in 2022. The change in our effective tax rate was primarily driven by discrete tax benefits from the release of valuation allowances as it is more likely than not that the deferred income tax assets will be realized.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our ability to fund our operations and anticipated capital needs is reliant upon the generation of cash from operations, supplemented as necessary by periodic utilization of our Revolving Credit Facility. Our principal uses of cash in the future will be to fund our operations, working capital needs, capital expenditures, repayment of borrowings and strategic business development transactions. The timing and magnitude of our start-ups can vary and may positively or negatively impact our cash flows.

At March 31, 2023, we held cash and cash equivalents of $426 million, and we had $799 million of borrowing capacity available, net of letters of credit under our Revolving Credit Facility. On April 7, 2023, we repaid $35 million of our Two-Year Term Loan due 2024.

We continually evaluate our liquidity requirements and capital structure in light of our operating needs, growth initiatives and capital resources. We believe that our existing liquidity and sources of capital are sufficient to support our operations over the next 12 months.

Sales of Certain Receivables

We sell certain of our trade accounts receivables on a non-recourse basis to third-party financial institutions under various factoring agreements. We account for these transactions as sales of receivables and present cash proceeds as cash provided by operating activities in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.

Information related to the trade receivables sold was as follows:
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In millions)20232022
Receivables sold in period$263 $229 
Cash consideration261 228 
Net cash provided in operating cash flows (1)
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